Stinging nettle tea comes from nettle shrubs that are native to Eurasia but was widely distributed throughout all the temperate regions of the world. The benefits of stinging nettle tea have been known as early as ancient times, when ancient Egyptians reportedly used the infusion for the relief of arthritis and lumbago, while the Roman troops and English were said to wash themselves with stinging nettle to keep themselves warm.
To make a stinging nettle tea, the leaves, stem, or root from the stinging nettle plant are to be crushed and then being dried, which can also be done with the nettle's flowers. This type of tea is a staple among Western countries. Like any other teas, stinging nettle teas can be bought in loose or in teabags, but you can also grow or harvest the leaves yourself. On how to prepare your stinging nettle tea, with fresh leaves, the preferred is by adding two cups of water for every cup of leaves and bringing the water just to a boil. Turn off the stove and let the tea sit for five minutes then pour the mixture through a strainer. An option is to add a bit of honey, cinnamon, or stevia, if you like.
The plant itself has heart-shaped leaves and yellow or pink flowers, but the stem is covered in tiny, stiff hairs that release stinging chemicals when touched. Its scientific name is Urtica dioica, with a genus name from Urtica, which is derived from uro, to burn, or urere, meaning to sting, while the stinging nettles species name dioica is Latin for “two houses”, from the Greek word oikia, meaning house, and refers to the plant’s dioecious nature, bearing male and female flowers on separate plants.
Stinging nettle tea has lots of medicinal benefits and uses and considered to help as diuretic, antihypertensive, anti-diabetic, hemostatic, anti-asthenia, anti-anemic, antispasmodic, antirheumatic, for headaches and chills, as well as treatment for spleen, renal and dermal disorders. Stinging nettle teas are also being used as treatment for rhinitis and seasonal allergies. They are also used as treatment for anemia, thanks to their high content of iron and trace elements.
In modern times, the stinging nettle tea may help flush harmful bacteria from the urinary tract. Also, the Arthritis Foundation suggests that stinging nettle tea may also reduce the inflammation and pain association with osteoarthritis. As beauty skin case, stinging nettle teas also contain potent antioxidants, which are substances that protect the body from aging and cell damage.
Benifuuki on the other hand is also considered as an herbal green tea that primary helps as an anti-allergy, having the highest concentration of catechins of all green teas. This tea has a high concentration of a special variety of catechin called methylated epigallocatechin gallate that works in the body to block histamines. This tea is also helpful against hay fever, atopic dermatitis, eczema, histamine reduction and improved metabolism, liver and weight-loss green tea. This cultivar that was originally meant for black tea and oolong, but is now also being processed as green tea. Benifuuki however contains only relatively few other important nutrients that are found in any other Japanese green tea, therefore, Benifuuki tea is rather considered as a specialist addition to the traditional Japanese green teas for health benefits.
While stinging nettle tea is being used popularly as early as ancient time, the benifuuki tea is a special cultivar of Japanese Green Tea, which was introduced in the Japanese market by Japanese breeders only in 1993. Benifuuki is actually a hybrid plant that was a byproduct of crossbreeding Benihomare, an assamica variety that is mostly found in India and Sri Lanka, with MakuraCd86, usually coming from India but a sinensis variety that is popular in China and Japan, in Makurazaki city, Kagoshima prefecture in 1965. The right seedling was selected after so many years, and was registered only in 1993. It was originally developed as a mellow, aromatic black tea, but it was thereafter discovered that it can be harvested as a green tea health beverage. It literally means in Japanese as “red riches and honor”. Being a camella sinensis specie, it is also sometimes called as the “Japanese oolong”.
Its flowers and leaves are larger than the more popular cultivar for Japanese green tea, which is the yabukita. Banifuuki leaves have three stems. The tea is not shaded because the sunlight allows for a higher catechin content and is easily fermented and it provides a 30% higher yield than the Yabukita tea plants. Benifuuki leaves are also easy to be planted and harvested since Benifuuki shows a particularly high resistance to disease and can be grown using only very small quantities of pesticides. Tea plants in Japan are usually prone many diseases and pests but the Benifuuki tea plant is highly resistant to such that farmers use less pesticides on them, with substantially less harmful residues in the Benifuuki green tea.
It has a clearly bitter and strong flavor. The final processing of harvested leaves does not occur immediately unlike other normal Japanese green tea. Benifuuki leaves are usually stored around 3 months, fermented in the dark at low temperatures. Only thereafter can the usual further processing just like any ordinary Japanese green tea by intensive hot steaming, rolling, and pressing of the leaves will be done, thus, the recommended in buying benifuuki tea is that harvested a season before. For example, in early 2020, one should look to buy tea from the 2019 autumn harvest.
Benifuuki also comes in powder or loose-leaf tea variety. In Japan, Benifuuki is taken as a powder in combination with tea since the catechins and bitter substances are relatively poorly soluble in water. However, the advantage of benifuuki loose tea leaves is that in a relatively short period of time, the powder becomes toxic after preparing it and should be consumed right away. On the other hand, the benifuuki loose tea leaves allows for longer shelf life and can still be refrigerated for a few days.