As kids, we are taught that there were four basic tastes; salty, sour, sweet, and bitter which are represented by a map of the tongue which we probably did memorize when we were younger.
Not to burst your bubble, but experts have debunked the theory that a certain part of our tongue specifically detects a certain taste. Also, we do not just have four basic sense of flavor, instead, we have five! Namely salty, sour, sweet, bitter, and UMAMI.
You probably watched a YouTube video or read food-centric blogs and articles and have encountered the word umami. And, you probably wondered - What on earth is umami? Is that Asian food? Seafood? A type of beef? Is that a good thing or a bad thing?
Well, it is a GREAT thing! And, you’ve probably tasted umami, because whenever you eat you’ll taste umami.
I will first explain what exactly umami is and then will touch about how it relates to tea. Keep reading as I also added a couple of interesting facts about umami at the end of the article.
Umami (oo·maa·mee) うま味 is a Japanese term coined in the 1900s by Kikunae Ikeda which means “rich flavor,” “indescribable and intense flavor,” “delicious,” or “pleasant and savory taste.”
Ikeda came up with the term umami when he was eating a bowl of seaweed soup (dashi) and found himself speechless since he cannot describe the flavor and sensation in his tastebuds while eating the soup.
Glutamate is a kind of amino acid that naturally occurs in a lot of foods such as dairy, meat, fish, and vegetables. As you cook these foods, natural glutamate breakdown takes place which turns into L-glutamate which makes food delicious and flavorful.
It is also responsible for giving your cooked meat, cheese, vegetables, and fish to have a complex and rich flavor which takes you into a flavorful dining experience. Thus, giving birth to monosodium glutamate or MSG, as we all call it.
Sodium, salt of glutamate is known as the most common amino acid in our bodies has different characteristics and tastes of savoriness than sweet, salty, sour, and bitter. Which is why you could say that MSG somehow equates to umami, since MSG when added to any dish, will automatically be more flavorful.
However, umami is a tad bit subtler since it occurs naturally. Just like how salt is naturally readily available everywhere. And, there are also naturally occurring sweeteners such as sugarcane and honey. While sour and bitter things can be found in a lot of fruits and vegetables which perfectly balances out any dish while complementing its flavor palette.
A lot of food and cuisine from all around the world contain some level of umami. However, some are stronger than the others; cheeses, mushrooms, beef, seafood, green teas, and tomatoes are foods that exceptionally high in umami.
Savory burgers, pizzas, tacos, pho, matcha latte, teas, and steak are such a crowd favorite in terms of people who are seeking for an umami-filled dining experience.
Green tea is naturally rich in glutamate which is why it is famous for its savory and rich taste that everyone goes crazy about.
We probably know the benefits of drinking green tea and all that jazz, but let’s dive deeper into why we are so addicted to its taste; is it its astringency? Its bitterness but rich flavor? Is it its sweetness? Well, it’s probably the mixture of all!
However, there are different levels of umami:
Other than devouring and loving umami-centric food and beverages, here are some interesting facts about it!
Just like the theory of evolution, our love for umami evolves as we humans revolutionized our dining experience. From craving sweet or savory foods to having a love-hate relationship with foods that are quite bitter.
As we all know, we always have to season our food to taste. However, did you know that the moment you cook your meat, seafood, or vegetables it breaks down its glutamate which turns it into L-glutamate which makes everything taste better! It also applies to the process of ripening fruits or vegetables as well as cheese’s aging process.
Did you know that umami is basically the first thing that babies, who were breast-fed, ever tasted? Well, breast milk contains a high concentration of umami since it is also rich in amino acids which helps boost the baby’s immune system.
There you have it! Umami isn’t as superficial as some people make it seem. In fact, this magical fifth taste is basically found in most food that we eat, and it definitely makes everything so much better.